By Mail Foreign Service
Last updated at 4:52 PM on 11th May 2009
Pope Benedict used his first speech in Israel to remember the six million Jews killed by the Nazis and try to heal fresh wounds over his reinstatement of a bishop who denied the Holocaust.
In the 45 years since the Second Vatican Council rejected the concept of collective Jewish guilt for Christ's death, Catholic-Jewish relations have been haunted by the Holocaust and the question of what the church did, or failed to do, about it.
They went through one of their worst periods in January after the pope lifted the excommunication of four traditionalist bishops, including one who denied six million Jews were killed.
Pope Benedict XVI sits near Israel's national flag during a welcoming ceremony on his behalf at Tel Aviv's Ben Gurion International airport today